The parental role is a complicated function undertaken by parents and other carers in order to facilitate the upbringing of children.
Parenting is the process of raising and educating a child from birth, or before, until adulthood.
In the case of humans, it is usually done by the biological parents of the child in question, although governments and society take a role as well. In many cases, orphaned or abandoned children receive parental care from non-parent blood relations. Others may be adopted, raised by foster care, or be placed in an orphanage.
The goals of human parenting are debated. Usually, parental figures provide for a child’s physical needs, protect them from harm, and impart in them skills and cultural values until they reach legal adulthood, usually after adolescence. Among non-human species, parenting is usually less lengthy and complicated, though mammals tend to nurture their young extensively. The degree of attention parents invest in their offspring is largely inversely proportional to the number of offspring the average adult in the species produces.
There is general consensus around parents providing the basic necessities, with increasing interest in children’s rights within the home environment.
Providing physical security
Providing physical security refers to a safety of a child’s body, safety of a child’s life.
- To provide physical safety: shelter, clothes, nourishment
- To protect a child from dangers; physical care
- To care for a child’s health
Providing physical development
Developing a child physically refers to providing appropriate conditions for a healthy growth of a child.
- To provide a child with the means to develop physically
- To train the body of a child, to introduce to sport
- To develop habits of health
- Physical games
Providing intellectual security
Intellectual security refers to the conditions, in which a child’s mind can develop. If the child’s dignity is safe, that is nobody encroaches upon a child physically or verbally, then he is able to learn.
- To provide an atmosphere of peace and justice in family, where no one’s dignity is encroached upon.
- To provide “no-fear,” “no-threat, “no-verbal abuse” environment
- To spend bonding times and share wonderful moments with children
Providing intellectual development
Intellectual development means providing opportunity to a child to learn – to learn about laws of nature and moral laws.
- Reading, writing, calculating etc.
- Intellectual games
- Social skills and etiquette
- Moral and spiritual development.
- Ethics and value systems
- Norms and contributions to the child’s belief and cultural.
Providing emotional security
To provide security to a child is to help protect and shield the child’s fragile psyche. It is to provide a safe loving environment, give a child a sense of being loved, being needed, welcomed.
- To give a child a sense of being loved through:
- Emotional support, encouragement
- Attachment, caressing, hugging, touch, etc.
Providing emotional development
development refers to giving a child an opportunity to love other people, to care, to help.
- Developing in a child an ability to love through:
- Showing empathy and compassion to younger and older, weaker and sicker, etc.
- Caring for others, helping grandparents, etc.
Other parental duties
- Financial support: Money provided as child support by custodial or non-custodial parent(s), or the state
- Insurance coverage and payments for education